Αρχική > Workshop

Historical Framework

Thessaloniki is one of the few European cities with such a long and ceaseless history. It’s a multicultural metropolis that has lived through conquerors and disasters, glamour and economic robustness, a city that has composed its historic identity through the diversity of its citizens.

The downtown area that is delimited by the streets Egnatia, Chalkeon, Mitropolitou Gennadiou and Kassandrou (see map) is a part of the city that has been “alive” throughout its long history and has monuments representative of all its cultural  layers:
 


    •    Antiquity:
        o    Roman Agora
        o     Encantadas (two story arcade with Dionysian statues currently housed in the Louvre in Paris, France)
        o    Ancient Egnatia road constructed by the Romans in the 2nd century BC. Starting at modern Durres and ending to Instanbul “Via Egnatia” run through territory that is now part of modern Albania, FYROM, Greece and Turkey.

    •    Christianity:
        o    St.Dimitrios church (protector of the city)
        o    Panagia Chalkeon (Virgin of the Copper Workers 1028a.C.)

    •    Jewish community: the Rogos district
    •    Muslims: Bei Hamam (hot baths 1444a.C.)
    •    Beginning of the 20th century: Copper Workers: Vlahoi, Armenians and Macedonians of Slavic origin (from Veria, Edessa, Gianitsa etc). A craft in decline.
    •    Immigrants:  Plateia Dikastirion (Court Square)? meeting spot for legal and illegal immigrants from countries of the former USSR /because of that locals call it “the Red Square”
    Chalkeon str. ? Russian video-clubs, bookshops, travel agencies, food stores

    •    Modern Political history:
        o    Statue of Eleftherios Venizelos at Plateia Dikastirion (a charismatic leader in the early 20th century. Elected several times as Prime Minister of Greece and served from 1910 to 1920 and from 1928 to 1932. Venizelos had such profound influence on the internal and external affairs of Greece that he is credited with being "the maker of modern Greece".)
        o    Gathering point for all the demonstrations, common place for political public meetings and rallies.
        o    Trade Unions’ Center of Thessaloniki

    •    End of route for many buses of OASTh (the city’s organization of urban transportation) / Open-air Market
    •    Nightlife: Bars, Cafes

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